black alder, gray alder, and red alder
Where it Grows
Principally the Pacific Northwest, where it is the most abundant
commercial hardwood. Average height is 90 feet and the tree matures in
25 to 40 years, but will begin to deteriorate by 60 to 80 years of age.
Alder grows well on burned over lands and thrives in areas that have
been ravaged by fire, earthquakes or logging.
Furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, shutters, mouldings, panel stock,
turnings, carvings and kitchen utensils.
Red alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut but
quickly changes on exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow
or reddish tinge. Heartwood is formed only in trees of advanced age and
there is no visible boundary between sap and heartwood. The wood is
fairly straight-grained with a uniform texture.
Red alder machines well and is excellent for turning. It nails, screws
and glues well, and can be sanded, painted, or stained to a good
finish. When stained, it blends with walnut, mahogany or cherry. It
dries easily with little degrade and has good dimensional stability
Red alder is a relatively soft hardwood of medium density that has low
bending strength, shock resistance and stiffness.
Available in dimension stock and lumber.