|Botanical Name :
|Common Names :
walnut, American black walnut, American walnut,
Canadian walnut, black hickory nut, gun wood, canaletto,
nogal, and tocte
Where it Grows
Throughout Eastern U.S., but principal commercial region is the Central
states. Average tree height of 100 to 150 feet.
Furniture, cabinets, architectural millwork, doors, flooring, paneling,
and gun stocks. A favored wood for using in contrast with
The sapwood of walnut is creamy white, while the heartwood is light
brown to dark chocolate brown, occasionally with a purplish cast and
darker streaks. The wood develops a rich patina that grows more
lustrous with age. Walnut is usually supplied steamed, to darken
sapwood. The wood is generally straight-grained, but sometimes with
wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure.
This species produces a greater variety of figure types than any other.
Walnut works easily with hand and machine tools, and nails, screws and
glues well. It holds paint and stain very well for an exceptional
finish and is readily polished. It dries slowly, and care is needed to
avoid kiln degrade. Walnut has good dimensional stability.
Walnut is a tough hardwood of medium density, with moderate bending and
crushing strengths and low stiffness. It has a good steam-bending
Reasonable availability with regional limitations.